CHOLESTEROL ESTERASE from Pseudomonas sp.


Steryl-ester acylhydrolase (EC

Appearance Light brown amorphous powder, lyophilized
Activity GradeIII 100U/mg -solid or more
(containing approx. 40% of stabilizers)
Contaminant Catalase ≤1.0×10⁻²%
Stabilizers Mg⁺⁺, Na-cholate, BSA
Stability Stable at -20°C for at least One year (Fig.1)
Molecular weight approx. 300,000
Isoelectric point 5.9±0.1
Michaelis constants 5.4×10⁻⁵M (Linoleate), 6.6×10⁻⁵M (Oleate),
3.7×10⁻⁵M (Linolenate), 1.5×10⁻⁴M (Palmitate),
1.2×10⁻⁴M (Myristate), 2.3×10⁻⁵M (Stearate)
Inhibitors Hg⁺⁺, Ag⁺, ionic detergents
Optimum pH 7.0-9.0(Fig.4)
Optimum temperature: 40℃(Fig.5)
pH Stability pH 5.0-9.0 (25℃, 24hr)(Fig.6)
Thermal stability  below 55℃ (pH 7.5, 10min)(Fig.7)
Substrate specificity (Table 1)
Effect of various chemicals (Table 2)


This enzyme is useful for enzymatic determination of total cholesterol when coupled with cholesterol oxidase (COO-311, COO-321,COO-331) in clinical analysis.



cholesterol esterase

Cholesterol ester+HO                                 Cholesterol+Fatty acid

cholesterol oxidase

Cholesterol                                  ►Cholest-4-en-3-one+HO


2HO+4-Aminoantipyrine+Phenol                                 ►Quioneimine dye+4HO

The appearance of quinoneimine dye formed when coupled with 4-aminoantipyrine and phenol is measured at 500nm by spectrophotometry.

Unit definition:

One unit causes the formation of one micromole of hydrogen peroxide (half a micromole of quinoneimine dye) per
minute under the conditions described below.


A. 0.2M K-Phosphate buffer, pH 7.0

B. Cholesterol linoleate solution To 39mg of cholesterol linoleate, add 2.0ml of isopropanol and dissolve completely by heating slightly. Mix with about 80ml of 1.0% (v/v) hot Triton X-100 solution (preheated at 72~74℃) to the cholesterol linoleate solution and keep the solution in a hot water bath (72~74℃), stirring for 30 minutes. The solution will turn clear and then cloudy. Cool under running water with gentle agitation until temperature of the solution goes down to room temperature. Add 600mg of Na-cholate and dissove. Fill up the solution to 100ml with 1.0% Triton X-100 solution. This solution is stable at 4℃ for at least 5 days.
C. 4-AA solution 1.76% (1.76g 4-aminoantipyrine/100ml of H₂O)(Store at 4℃ in a brownish bottle)
D. Phenol solution 6.0% (6.0g phenol/100ml of H₂O)(Store at 4℃ in a brownish bottle)
E. POD solution Horseradish peroxidase (Toyobo, GradeIII) 7,500 purpurogallin units/50ml of 0.1M K-phosphate buffer, pH 7.0 (150PU/ml)(Prepare freshly)
F. COD solution Streptomyces sp. cholesterol oxidase (Toyobo, GradeIII) 1,500U/5.0ml of ice-cold H₂O (300 U/ml)(Should be prepared fresh)
G. Enzyme diluent 20mM K-phosphate buffer, pH 7.5 containing 2mM MgCl₂, 0.5mM EDTA-Na₃ and 0.2% BSA


Concentration in assay mixture
K-Phosphate buffer 0.11 M
Cholesterol linoleate 0.20mM
4-Aminoantipyrine 1.5 mM
Phenol 22 mM
EDTA 17 µM
Isopropanol 0.68 %
COD ca.10 U/ml
POD ca. 5.1U/ml

1. Prepare the following working solution (50 tests) in a brownish bottle.

75ml Buffer solution (A)
50ml Substrate solution (B)
2.5ml 4-AA solution (C)
5.0ml Phenol solution (D)
5.0ml POD solution (E)
(This solution is stable at 4℃ for at least 5 days.)

2. Pipette 2.75ml of working solution into a cuvette (d=1.0cm) and equilibrate at 37℃ for about 5 minutes. Add 0.1ml of COD solution (F), mix and keep at 37℃ for another 2 minutes.

3.Add 0.1ml of the enzyme solution* and mix with gentle inversion.

4. Record the increase in optical density at 500nm against water for 3 to 4 minutes in a spectrophotometer
thermostated at 37°C, and calculate theΔOD per minute from the initial linear portion of the curve (ΔOD test).
At the same time, measure the blank rate (ΔOD blank) using the same method as the test except that the enzyme diluent (G) is added instead of the enzyme solution.

* Dissolve the enzyme preparation in ice-cold enzyme diluent (G), and dilute to 0.08-0.22U/ml with the same buffer, immediately before assay.


Activity can be calculated by using the following formula :

ΔOD/min (ΔOD test−ΔOD blank ) × Vt × df

Volume activity (U/ml) =                                                               =ΔOD/min×4.282×df



Weight activity (U/mg) = (U/ml) × 1/C

: Total volume (2.95ml)
: Sample volume (0.1ml)
: Millimolar extinction coefficient of quinoneimine dye under the assay conditions(㎠/micromole)
: Factor based on the fact that one mole of H₂O₂ produces half a mole of quinoneimine dye
: Light path length (cm)
: Dilution factor
: Enzyme concentration in dissolution (c mg/ml)


  1. C.C.Allain, L.S.Poon, C.S.G.Chan, W.Richmond, and P.C.Fu; Clin.Chem., 20, 470 (1974).
  2. Y.Kameno, N.Nakano, and S.Baba; Jap.J.Clin.Path., 24, 650 (1976).

Table 1. Substrate Specificity of Cholesterol esterase
[The reaction was carried out at 37℃ in 0.1M K-phoshate buffer, pH 7.0 contg. 0.2mM cholesterol ester, 0.33% Triton X-100 and 0.2% Na-cholate.]
Cholesterol ester Relative activity (%) Cholesterol ester Relative activity (%)
Linoleate (18 :2) 100 Tridecanoate (13 :0) 53.3
Acetate (2 :0) 2.9 Myristate (14 :0) 49.3
Propionate (3 :0) 21.3 Pentadecanote (15 :0) 46.6
Crotonate (4 :1) 0.0 Palmitate (16 :0) 33.5
Valerate (5 :0) 8.0 Heptadecanoate (17 :0) 0.0
Caproate (6 :0) 17.3 Stearate (18 :0) 8.0
Heptanoate (7 :0) 18.6 Oleate (18 :1) 105.3
Caprylate (8 :0) 58.6 Linolenate (18 :3) 166.5
Nonanoate (9 :0) 48.0 Phenyl acetate   0.0
Decylate (10 :0) 40.0 Cinnamate   0.0
10-Undecenoate (11 :1) 114.6 Benzoate 58.6
Laurate (12 :0) 54.6      

Number of carbon atoms and number of double bonds are given in parenthesis.

Table 2. Effect of Various Chemicals on Cholesterol esterase
[The enzyme (13.5U/ml) was incubated at 25℃ for 1hr with each chemical.]
Chemical Concn.(mM) Residual
Chemical Concn.(mM) Residual
None 100% MIA 2.0 96
Metal salt 2.0   NaF 20.0 99
CaCl₂   96 NaN 20.0 100
Ba(OAc)₂ 100 EDTA 5.0 100
FeCl₃   87 o-Phenanthroline 2.0 100
CoCl₂   97 α,α'-Dipyridyl 2.0 99
MnCl₂   88 Borate 20.0 100
Zn(OAc)₂   83 Triton X-100 1.0% 97
NiCl₂   99 Brij 35 1.0% 100
Pb(OAc)₂   95
SDS 0.1% 8
AgNO₃   51 Na-cholate 1.0% 100
HgCl₂   14 Taurocholate 0.1% 100
NEM 2.0 100      
PCMB 2.0 100      

Ac, CHCO; NEM, N-Ethylmaleimide; PCMB, p-Chloromercuribenzoate; MIA, Monoiodoacetate;
EDTA, Eth-ylenediaminetetraacetate; SDS, Sodium dodecyl sulfate.

To get a quote, contact us at, or INQUIRY.